Our doctors can provide personalised contraceptive advice that takes into account your individual health, preferences and specific circumstances. Here are some common methods of contraception:
- Male condoms: These are sheaths worn over the penis to prevent sperm from reaching the egg and also provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
- Female condoms: These are inserted into the vagina before intercourse to provide a barrier against sperm and STIs
- Combined oral contraceptives: Also known as “the pill,” these contain synthetic versions of oestrogen and progestin hormones to prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus.
- Progesterone-only pills: These pills, also known as “mini-pills,” contain only progesterone hormone and work by thickening cervical mucus and thinning the lining of the uterus.
- Contraceptive patch: A small patch applied to the skin that releases hormones similar to those in combined oral contraceptives.
- Contraceptive injection: An injection given every few months that contains progesterone hormone to prevent pregnancy.
- Contraceptive implant: A small, flexible rod inserted under the skin of the upper arm that releases progesterone hormone over a period of several years.
- Hormonal intrauterine systems (IUS): These are T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus, releasing progesterone hormone locally to prevent pregnancy.
Copper IUD: A non-hormonal device that is placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It works by creating an environment that is toxic to sperm and prevents fertilization.
- Tubal ligation: A surgical procedure that involves blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus.
- Vasectomy: A surgical procedure for males that involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens, which carries sperm from the testicles to the urethra.
It’s important to consider factors such as effectiveness, potential side effects, ease of use and individual preferences when choosing a contraceptive method. Consulting with a healthcare professional, such as a gynaecologist or a family planning clinic, will help you make an informed decision and receive appropriate guidance tailored to your needs.
Additionally, it’s important to note that barrier methods, such as condoms, also provide protection against STIs, while other methods do not. If STI prevention is a concern, using condoms in combination with other contraceptive methods is recommended.
Remember, contraception is a personal choice and it’s essential to select a method that aligns with your goals, lifestyle and health considerations.