Female Hormone Advice

Our doctors can offer personalised advice about female hormones after an assessment of your specific circumstances and medical history. Here’s an overview of female hormones and their functions:


Oestrogen is a group of hormones primarily produced in the ovaries. It plays a crucial role in the development and regulation of the female reproductive system. Oestrogen helps regulate the menstrual cycle, promotes the development of secondary sexual characteristics, maintains bone health and affects mood, among other functions.


Progesterone is another hormone produced in the ovaries, particularly during the second half of the menstrual cycle. It prepares the uterus for pregnancy and helps maintain a pregnancy if fertilization occurs. Progesterone also plays a role in regulating the menstrual cycle and has an impact on mood and breast tissue.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

FSH is produced by the pituitary gland and helps stimulate the growth and maturation of follicles (fluid-filled sacs containing eggs) in the ovaries. FSH is important for the regulation of the menstrual cycle and the production of oestrogen.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

LH is also produced by the pituitary gland and works together with FSH to regulate the menstrual cycle. It triggers ovulation, the release of a mature egg from the ovary.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

hCG is produced by the placenta during pregnancy and helps maintain the production of progesterone, which is essential for supporting pregnancy.


Prolactin is a hormone that stimulates breast milk production after childbirth. It is produced by the pituitary gland and plays a role in lactation.

Hormone levels can fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause. If you have concerns about your hormone levels or are experiencing symptoms related to hormonal changes, it is advisable to seek medical advice. A healthcare professional, such as a gynaecologist or an endocrinologist, can assess your specific situation, conduct appropriate tests if necessary and provide personalised guidance and treatment options.

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is one approach used to manage certain conditions related to hormone imbalances or deficiencies, such as menopausal symptoms. However, the decision to pursue HRT should be made in consultation with a healthcare professional who can assess the benefits and risks based on your individual health history and needs.

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for personalised advice and guidance regarding female hormones to ensure the most appropriate and effective management of your specific situation.